In the time elapsed between the two world wars, in Europe was a movement of significant impact on decorative arts and architecture. It was called ”the modern style”, but it became more famous with the name of ”Art Deco”. This comes from the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts held in Paris in 1925, where the audience could see for the first time the examples of this new current. The displayed articles included some objects of industrial production and several of artisan elaboration. One and the other were trying to dial the further sign of sophistication and elegance. The Luxury Art Deco movement (builders) had a major influence on the architecture. The main characteristic of the Deco architecture is a bigger concern for decorative effects. For this reason, it is fairly easy to distinguish the buildings that were constructed under the influence of Art Deco. The decorative effects of this movement are distinguished by the use of geometric shapes, octagonal doors and the utilization of luxurious materials such as marble, granite or aluminum. For this reason, the luxury Art deco home builders can be recognized by anyone.The arrival in the Americas happened a little bit later. The high cost of the component parts, is because many are produced individually or in small series, as the furniture designed by Jacques Ruhlmann or Maurice Dufrene, pieces of glass and jewelry produced the famous René Lalique, fashion architecture, and illustrations, the outstanding sculptures produced by Demetre Chiparus (the great master of the genre), oils and drawings of Tamara de Lempicka. After analyzing the conclusions of several known authors, it can be said that Art Deco is a group of diverse artistic manifestations that have converged between the decades of the 20s and 30 in Europe and the United states mainly, by celebrating the taste for decoration, by great geometric designs as the cubic and aerodynamic. Besides such statements, were a period of decoration that flooded all spheres of everyday life, from a lamp up to one full building and alternating with the avant-garde. Within the Art Deco there are two periods that correspond to two aesthetic lines of style: Zigzag and Stream Line. The first one is from 1920-1929, mostly in Europe, was the one that was based more the references of past cultures that came into vogue by archeological discoveries in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, and the Inca culture. The second reached its peak in 1930-1939 and developed most in the United States, representing the era of the economic recovery following the stock market crash of 1929.
In the United States, two more types of Art Deco were invented(later also in Melbourne). One is the Village Deco that developed in Arizona, New Mexico and a part of Texas, by Amerindian ethnic groups known as Indian People. Handcrafted items, using jeans and desert cactus and mixed on decorations in the Californian architecture. Other is the Tropical Deco Homes that developed in Florida and some beaches in California. Mostly it was in the district of Miami Beach where was consolidated. With maritime allusions, naturist interpretations, zigzag brittle and soft colors. Mexico was also strongly influenced by Art Deco architecture. The earliest examples appeared in the 1920s, the building of the Alliance of Mexican Railroad, Orphanage, San Antonio and Santa Isabel. Worth noting that the tendency Art Deco architecture was founded in Europe, however, it is in America where it assumes increased importance. In several American cities like Chicago, San Francisco, or New York, skyscrapers were constructed with exteriors showing the European influence of Art Deco. Around the world, in countries as varied as Britain, Cuba, China, Spain, New Zealand, Brazil, etc. can also be seen examples of Deco architecture. The most representative and known buildings of this movement are the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building, both from New York.In Europe, there are also constructions that belong to the Art Deco era like the Arsenal Stadium or certain metro stations (London Underground) in London. In Valencia, is the luxury bathhouse Las Arenas, the building the rectorship at the University of Valencia and the Rialto cinema (now the Film Archive of the Government from Valencia). The luxury Art Deco in houses is mainly based on the prevailing geometry of the cube, the sphere, and the straight line, in addition to the essential zigzags.The Art Deco styles seek to break monotonous spaces of a geometric feel. So, spare props and furniture play a dual role, namely looking to decorate without losing functionality.The Art Deco layout of the furniture is very cutting edge, are authentic architectural projects. To take advantage more of space should flee symmetrical lines and other than filling the space in an intelligent way we managed to meet household necessities.The Art Deco allows the mixing of different styles, so you be able to combine exotic furnishings and decorative items using more traditional elements. The curves are a staple in this decorative style so that even the feet of the tables or dressers will be straight.The walls in Melbourne are decorated with numerous paintings and images. We also can use paper painted with geometric forms. We use many different materials for art deco homes. Among the most everyday materials has to be used steel, bakelite or plastic. There is also a strong tendency to experimenting with different woods such as ebony, rosewood, sycamore, and mahogany. These types of material enable seamless conjunction with cool colors, is very widespread the use of creams, blue or violet tones. Alastair Duncan, Encyclopedia of Art Deco, gives the following definition: “It is not easy to define the principal characteristics of the Art Deco style that drew a multitude of diverse and often contradictory influences. Many of these came from the luxury styles of painting of the art from the early years of the century, such as Cubism and Russian constructionism”. It can be said that art deco homes are very special because they have a drop of history in every corner. In the world, there are many buildings that belong to this trend, but very few are appreciated by owners. A house from this category must be treasured because in a few years can cost a fortune. Read more about home builders in the VIC area on our Website.